Wednesday, February 5, 2014


Share with you some of the traditional  "Han-gwa" in Korea.....


Han-gwa is a general term for Korean traditional confectionery. Common ingredients in han-gwa are grain flour, honey, yeot, sugar, fruit.

The history of hangwa goes back to the era of the three kingdoms (BC 57 - AD 688) when it was consumed at the royal court. During the Goryeo dynasty (936–1392) buddhist diets forbade meat, therefore the cultivation of crops spread and increased. Different types of hangwa developed and people were so fond of them officials were afraid it might affect the crop volumes. Hangwa was forbidden by decree twice (in 1179 and 1192) and officials encouraged people to eat fruits instead. Hangwa restrictions continued in the Joseon period, it could only be consumed during ancestral rites, otherwise was punished by monetary fines or beating.
Hangwa had different shapes at first, mimicking living beings, shaped by wooden molds. Some of the shapes had meaning, for example butterflies symbolized happy marriage, lotus stood for harmony and bats brought luck. Later on they were shaped into a ball but this was found to be inconvenient for ancestral rites and eventually became cube-like. Hangwa shapes now include balls, cubes, long tubes, the round ones are printed with various patterns.

Types of han-gwa

  • Yumilgwa (유과): made by frying and kneading.
    • Yakgwa, literally "medicinal confectionery" is a flower shape biscuit made of honey, sesame oil and wheat flour.
  • Suksilgwa (숙실과), made by boiling fruits, ginger, or nuts in water and then reformed into the original fruit's shape, or other shapes.
  • Gwapyeon (과편), jelly-like confection made by boiling sour fruits, starch, and sugar.
  • Dasik (다식), literally "tea snack." It is made by kneading rice flour, honey, and various types of flour from nuts, herbs, sesame, or jujube.
  • Yeot (엿): a Korean traditional candy in liquid or solid form made from steamed normal rice, glutinous rice, glutinous kaoliang, corn, sweet potatoes or mixed grains. The steamed ingredients are lightly fermented and boiled in a large pot called sot (솥) for a long time.
  • Yeot gangjeong (엿강정) : Pine nuts, peanuts, popped rice, walnuts, roasted beans or sesame seeds rolled in yeot mixture
  • Jeonggwa (정과) : Sugarized fruit, ginger, lotus root, carrot or ginseng
  • Mandugwa (만두과) : stuffed with a sweetened filling and coated with jocheong, or liquid candy.
(source : wikipedia)

韩菓韓語:한과, 조과/韓菓,漢菓,造果)是韩国传统糖果糕點的泛称,一般由谷物面粉蜂蜜水果等原料制作,主要包括茶食(다식)、江米條油菓药菓熟实果果片正果馒头菓梅雀菓等,在韓國通常搭配傳統茶飲一同食用,也是在傳統節日祭拜不可或缺的供品和韓國人過年送禮的禮品之一。韩国京畿道抱川市建有韩菓文化博物馆介绍韩菓的历史由来、制作过程等。

(质料来源: wikipedia )







(质料来源: 韩国料理咨询网)

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